Nature Study Picture: Muskrat

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Phrasal Verbs

This was a new one to me, and I wondered why I’d never heard it before.  The smartest woman I know explained to me that this is a term helpful for those learning English as a second language. It’s not really what native speakers call these words.  On the off chance that maybe I am not the only person in America who never heard of phrasal verbs and yet is interested in what they are now that I have heard of them, here you go.

 

Phrasal verbs are typical two word phrases, sometimes 3, consisting of a verb and a preposition. When combined, they usually take on a different meaning than one would assume from the individual definitions of the verb and preposition. For native speakers, we say the preposition is an adverb modifying the verb.  Some examples:

hang up, turn on, turn out, put on, go over, do over, sweep up, bring up, watch out, look out, make up, make out, come down, take down, sleep in, and on, and on, and on.  Once I heard a few I coudln’t not notice them any more.  We use these *all* the time, we native speakers.  No wonder it’s confusing.

Some of them do have some logic behind them.  Turn up the radio/television makes some sense when you remember the volume used to be a button you literally turned to the right to make things louder.  Turn on the light can be figured out, although if you think about it and compare it to the way we say other things it can be a bit odd.

But it takes more than intuition and context to figure out for sure what is meant by a couple making out, and why you put make-up on your face, but also make up after a fight, or why we say a child just made up a story,  or why we talk about bringing up a child but also bringing up a topic of conversation, or why you turn on a light but can also turn on a person sexually or angrily. Put down the candy, put down a person, put down a sick puppy all mean three totally different things.    Mainly, you just have to listen and ask, and perk up your ears (there was another one), whenever you hear a verb and preposition together, which means you have to know those verbs and prepositions.

Sorry for running on.  If it’s interesting to you, you can check out more information here:

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/phrasals.htm

https://www.fluentu.com/blog/english/english-phrasal-verbs/

https://www.englishpage.com/prepositions/phrasaldictionary.html

http://www.classzone.com/books/lnetwork_gr07/index.cfm

I have to take off now.  It’s time to do up the Cherub’s hair, and put on some clothes, and pack up lunches for work, because today I don’t have enough cash to do carry out lunches. I will catch up with y’all later.

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Timely Reminder

Bill Clinton rode on the Lolita Express over two dozen times. Sometimes he ditched his security to do it.  The owner of the Lolita Express, Jeffrey Epstein, is a convicted pedophile.  Epstein has been protected by the Democrat establishment for decades.  The media remains distinctly lacking in any curiosity whatsoever about the underaged girls he procured and abused and the politicians and movers and shakers who met those child sex-slaves, who flew on his plane to his island and what they did there.  It’s a far more disturbing story, and also more current, than Franken or Moore.  I am not suggesting they should ignore the latter.  But when they don’t care at all about doing any sort of investigative journalism into the Epstein story, I remain completely cynical about their journalistic ‘ethics,’ and their reasons for choosing the stories they choose.

Want something even more timely? Senator Menendez and underage prostitutes.  But he’s a democrat who, unlike Franken, would not be replaced by a Democrat if he steps down.

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CNN and Fake News

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Gaudete

 

Or Gaudete:

Gaudete, gaudete Christus est natus
Ex Maria virgine gaudete
Gaudete, gaudete Christus est natus
Ex Maria virgine gaudete

Tempus adest gratiae hoc quod optabamus
Carmina laetitiae devote redamus

Gaudete, gaudete Christus est natus
Ex Maria virgine gaudete
Gaudete, gaudete Christus est natus
Ex Maria virgine gaudete

Deus homo factus est natura mirante
Mundus renovatus est a Christo regnante

Gaudete, gaudete Christus est natus
Ex Maria virgine gaudete
Gaudete, gaudete Christus est natus
Ex Maria virgine gaudete

Ezechielis porta clausa pertransitur
Unde lux est orta salus invenitur

Gaudete, gaudete Christus est natus
Ex Maria virgine gaudete
Gaudete, gaudete Christus est natus
Ex Maria virgine gaudete

Ergo nostra contio psallat jam in lustro
Benedicat domino salus regi nostro

Gaudete, gaudete Christus est natus
Ex Maria virgine gaudete
Gaudete, gaudete Christus est natus
Ex Maria virgine gaudete

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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