Lizzie Hickson’s Son: science in a P.N.E.U. School

Much respect to Mama Squirrel at the treehouse, who found that our Mrs. Hickson son Arthur, who helped run the school with her after his father Frederick fell ill, presented a breakout session on science at a PNEU conference. Here’s the handout:

At the Thirty First Annual Conference of the P.N.E.U. the notes of a discussion led by A. T. L. Hickson, M.S. (Joint-Principal, Oldfeld School, Swanage) entitled “Science: Nature Study” were handed out. In these notes, the following breakdown for science instruction in the P.N.E.U. school for each Form (grade level of instruction) was given:
“Form I: children six to eight are given an elementary knowledge of what they
can find out of doors or in the Zoo, animals, birds, plants and trees,
insects, fishes, sea creatures and star legends.

“Form II: children about nine to eleven. Very elementary physics, natural
phenomena, astronomy, chemistry, meteorology, physiography,
including some detailed chapters on the work of water, ice, volca-
noes, etc. A detailed study of the lower forms of animal life. Botany,
only outdoor studies.

“Form III: children twelve to thirteen. A continued course of animal life (higher
forms), a detailed course of botany, physical geography; in addition,
either astronomy or some general scientific principles connected with
their discoverers.

“Form IV: children about fourteen. The course in animal life is continued, the
more detailed course is followed in physiography and geology. Phys-
iology is added and a book on the underlying principles of Physics.

“Form V: age about 14 to 16. A student’s course in botany, geology, astronomy,
more advanced physics with some chemistry.

“Form VI: The work varies as books offer; there is always some more advanced
biology and physiology. Modern astronomy and modern physics vary
from year to year.”

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